The Asia-Pacific region is home to over 60% of the world’s population today and home to more than two billion urban residents. India is one among the largest urban systems in the world, with about 377 million people residing in urban areas, comprising about 31.16% of the total population (source Census 2011). In the context of growing urbanisation and the related rising personal income and standard of living, volume of municipal solid waste is also increasing in India. Today, cities in India generate 62 million tonnes of municipal solid waste per year which is projected to increase to 165 million tonnes per year by 2030, accounting for the changing consumption patterns and income improvements.
In order to manage the growing urbanisation and related challenges, the Government of India has undertaken various Urban Transformative Missions such as ‘Swachh Bharat Mission - Clean India Mission’ (SBM), Smart Cities Mission (SCM), Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), etc. One of the key focus areas in all the Missions is scientific waste management in cities. For example, under SBM, out of 84,358 wards, 78,304 (92%) now have 100% door-to-door waste collection; 83,388 TPD (57%) waste processed; almost 88.0 megawatts (MW) of energy is generated from waste-to-energy (WTE) projects; and the waste-to-compost production stands at 43,87,000 metric tonnes, as on end of August 2019 through scientific and innovative practices; resource mobilization; leveraging private financing and capacitating ULBs for better planning and management.
It is in this context that the Urban Innovation event of All India Housing Development Association (AIHDA) at APUF7 tends to focus on instruments and mechanism used in India’s Urban Transformative Missions for mainstreaming innovations into Practices to address waste management in cities. The AIHDA event brings together the innovations applied among Indian cities and municipalities and elsewhere for accelerated management of all kinds of waste. These include frontier technologies for converting waste to wealth, and energy approaches, Public Private Partnerships (PPP) for waste management, innovative financing for waste management, public awareness campaigns, etc. Specific case studies on these themes shall be presented to draw a consensus on a reform agenda on waste management for sustainable habitat.