For decades, the label of “slums” have been attached to the socially-produced habitat of the “kampungs”. The kampung has been understood by mainstream in a derogatory way and identified as disorganized and relatively problematic space: a nest of disease, filth, and crime, and later normalise forced evictions in Jakarta.
The 2017 gubernatorial elections presented an unprecedented opportunity to take control of the public debate and ensure kampung residents’s demands were heard. The residents organised a political contract with one of the candidate teams who at the end of day won the election. The contract offered not only its legal basis for kampung residents but it also place them in a strong bargaining position to demand their rights as urban citizens, especially on promoting commons as a way of life and to progressively fulfill the right to adequate housing. Kampung as a socially-produced habitat, is identified as a non market process carried out by inhabitants initiative and innovations to develop physical environment and social relations and could serve as urban commons.
New policies and approaches on kampung has started immediately in early 2018, as a new way of collaboration between people and government and a seed for emergence of community action planning program citywide, which can be accessed to 450 neighborhoods.
This panel will address the close-up view of the new people-government collaboration; a slow revolution in city planning; socio-political dimension in the new relationship between urban poor, local and provincial government; and soft diplomacy and re-contextualise kampungs as urban commons.