Mr. Liam Fee, UN-Habitat
Mr. Pablo Gándara, International Urban Cooperation Regional Action Asia
Rohini Kohli, UNDP
Laura Hammett, UNDP
More than 55 percent of the world’s population already live in urban areas and this number will likely grow to over two-thirds by 2050. Asia-Pacific in 2019 crossed the threshold of half its population living in cities and has the world’s fastest-growing urban areas. Urgent action is needed to address the interconnected issues of poverty, governance, and vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and achieve progress towards the SDGs – both in cities and at the national level.
To deliver the adaptation needs and priorities of nations, as detailed in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), robust and comprehensive National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) are an important tool. Cities are a critical location to achieve these NDC targets, with these urban areas being key to achieving co-benefits between adaptation and mitigation and enhancing linkages between NAPs and NDC mitigation targets.
Integrating the needs and priorities of urban areas into NAPs will enable countries to achieve more resilient and sustainable urban development while reaching NDC targets and directing climate finance into scaling up investment in urban resilience. However, this integration requires close cooperation between national governments, local authorities and non-state actors. This relates very closely to the concept of multi-level governance, that examines bringing different layers of government together to achieve mutually beneficial common goals. This session will emphasize the need for complex climate change policy and planning actions to increase both their speed and scale.